However, in 1987, Peat Marwick Mitchell merged with Klynveld Main Goerdeler, a mid-sized European firm, to become KPMG. Then, in 1989, Ernst & Whinney merged with Arthur Young to form Ernst & Young, and Deloitte Haskins & Sells merged with Touche Ross to become Deloitte & Touche. Finally, in 1998, Price Waterhouse merged with Coopers & Lybrand to become Pricewaterhouse Coopers. Along with Arthur Anderson, they made up the Big Five.
Arthur Anderson was founded in 1913. Its namesake founder, Arthur Anderson, was a man who held closely to the highest standards of the accounting profession, insisting that the accountant's first responsibility was to his client's investors, not to his client's management. However, by the 1980s, because of intense competition between the top accounting firms for non-accounting consulting services, that standard was beginning to show signs of erosion. Within each firm, the commitment to audit independence was slowly eroded as they strove to win more-lucrative non-accounting consultancy contracts with their major clients.
One of Arthur Anderson's principal clients was the Houston-based energy company, Enron. And as the firm's revenues from their non-accounting consultancy at Enron far exceeded their audit and accounting revenues, those involved in the audit and accounting end of their business were increasingly pressured to do what was necessary to keep Enron's top management happy. In other words, Arthur Anderson experienced an ongoing internal struggle, attempting to balance the need to maintain the highest of accounting standards, while contributing to the client's desire to produce the most attractive quarterly and annual earnings reports.
Finally, in 2001, it was learned that Enron had maintained its position as an attractive investment opportunity in large part through systematic accounting fraud... none of which could have been accomplished without the active complicity of their accounting firm, Arthur Anderson.
When accounting irregularities involving some $100 billion were alleged, the members of Enron's board of directors appointed a committee, the Powers Committee, to look into the matter. The committee's final report stated that, "The evidence available to us suggests that Andersen did not fulfill its professional responsibilities in connection with its audits of Enron's financial statements, or its obligation to bring to the attention of Enron's Board (or the Audit and Compliance Committee) concerns about Enron's internal contracts over the related-party transactions."
On December 2, 2001, Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and six months later, on June 15, 2002, Arthur Andersen was convicted of obstruction of justice, having been found guilty of shredding documents related to its auditing of Enron. And while the conviction was later overturned by the US Supreme Court, the negative publicity resulting from the high profile scandal, combined with the findings of criminal complicity, ultimately destroyed the firm. On August 31, 2002, Arthur Anderson agreed to surrender its CPA license and its right to practice before the SEC... and then there were four.
Of the remaining top four accounting firms, Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC) has been seen, until now, as the "cream of the crop." In fact, among the Big Four, PwC has been ranked by Vault Accounting as the best accounting employer for two consecutive years, 2014 and 2015. But now, because of their association with the Bill, Hillary, and Chelsea Clinton Foundation, PwC is about to learn, first hand, the meaning of the old adage, "Lie down with dogs; get up with fleas."
In a June 17, 2015, article, bestselling author Dr. Jerome Corsi, reports that, according to respected Wall Street analyst Charles Ortel, "The Big Four accounting firm, Pricewaterhouse Coopers, failed to detect and report the Clinton Foundation's 'apparent massive diversions of funds' from a global charity that fights HIV/AIDS."
Although the methodology is a bit difficult for non-accountants to grasp, Ortel charges that the Clintons siphoned off tens of millions of dollars annually from pass-through funds received by the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) from UNITAID, a Geneva-based global health organization which negotiates low prices for drugs and diagnostic equipment and supplies, working through groups such as CHAI to deliver drugs and health services where needed.
The pool of funds used to finance UNITAID's activities is derived from a US$1 surcharge on coach-class airline tickets (up to US$40 on business and first class tickets) in nine countries: Cameroon, Chile, Congo, France, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Niger and the Republic of Korea. According to records of the French Civil Aviation Authority, the tax imposed on airline tickets by the French government alone has produced more than $1 billion in a six year period.
According to Corsi, Ortel contends that PwC "allowed the Clintons to continue diverting millions of dollars donated for charitable purposes to the personal enrichment and benefit of themselves and their close associates, perpetrating a crime called inurement. (The "inurement" prohibition of the Internal Revenue Code prohibits the use of the income or the assets of a tax-exempt organization, such as the Clinton Foundation, to directly or indirectly benefit any person with a close relationship with the organization, or one who is in a position to exercise significant control over the organization.)
In order to reach that conclusion, Ortel used financial information drawn directly from UNITAID sources, comparing it to financial reports of the Clinton Foundation contained in their PwC audit for 2013. Ortel contends that "PwC failed to conduct the basic due diligence required of auditors, neglecting to discover and report the diversion of funds." He found that, as has been reported in recent stories of Hillary Clinton's tenure as US Secretary of State, the Clintons purportedly used their international prestige and political power to "leverage" international manufacturers of prescription quality drugs and various healthcare products and sell them to Third-World countries at a discount to combat AIDS/HIV.
WND quotes Ortel as saying that, if any of the 50 state attorneys general should present the available evidence to a federal judge, he believes "an injunction would be ordered, shutting down the Clinton Foundation and placing the organization in receivership."
He is quoted as saying, "Ironically, the Clinton Family holds itself out for praise when Clinton Foundation financial statements are inaccurate and riddled with material, uncorrected errors." He concludes. "Those who take requisite time to study public financial filings should see what I see – that the Clintons are playing 'Robin Hood,' but in reverse, now with a major accounting firm of PwC's magnitude participating in the cover-up." In other words, what Ortel suggests is that the Clintons, instead of taking from the rich and giving to the poor, are profiting from the poor to give to the rich... i.e. the Clintons and their toadies.
What is surprising... perhaps not so surprising where the Clintons are concerned... is the fact that neither PwC, nor any other Clinton Foundation auditor since 2006, has bothered to reconcile Clinton Foundation receipts from UNITAID, as reported on their IRS Form 990, with audited annual financial statements published by UNITAID. In other words, in examining the financial dealings of the most corrupt political family in America, none of the most highly paid accounting professionals in the country thought to look for corruption in any of the most logical places.
So where did the Clintons get off on the wrong track? Upon leaving the White House in disgrace in January 2001, Bill Clinton, a disbarred lawyer who narrowly avoided criminal prosecution for perjuring himself before a federal judge, was desperate to find some way to salvage a positive legacy for the history books.
Like modern era Republican presidents... Eisenhower, Nixon, Reagan, Bush (41) and Bush (43)... he could have retired gracefully into relative obscurity. He could have retired to a posh hilltop mansion near Hot Springs where he could spend all of his free time patronizing the spas and nudie bars of that famed Arkansas gambling mecca. But that's not what he chose to do. Like his Democrat predecessor, Jimmy Carter, Clinton could not find happiness and contentment outside the political spotlight. Instead, he decided to establish a path to respectability by creating a foundation dedicated to helping the poor and downtrodden of the Third World. That was the genesis of the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton Global Initiative. And while the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton Global Initiative may have washed a bit of the seediness off the Clinton image, it is the excesses of the Clinton Foundation that may ultimately destroy Hillary Clinton's dream of ever becoming the first female president of the United States.
But more than that, the Clintons' unbridled greed and their unquenchable thirst for power could easily reduce the Big Four of the accounting profession to the Big Three... taking thousands of accounting executives and their families down with them. If Ortel's findings are ultimately confirmed, the Clinton era of American politics may finally be at an end. More than Benghazi, the missing emails, the private email server, the outlandish speaking fees, and the suspected pay-to-play quid pro quo's of Hillary's state department tenure, the alleged fraudulent accounting provided by PwC, the country's top accounting firm, may yet be the Clintons' Achilles heel.
Now all we have to do is to get one of our fine conservative state attorneys general to get off their backsides and take the available evidence before a federal judge. Bill and Hillary will soon learn that attempting to hoodwink the IRS and the SEC is almost certain to meet with disaster.